Tuesday, August 11, 2009

Green Flood Alert in India

Green Flood Alert in India

Green flood alert in India Sat, 1 Aug 2009 00:00 +0000Source: Dartmouth Flood Observatory based on media analysis
See also experimental flood monitoring system for India
Analysis: 4-Aug-09:"Around 50,000 people are still stranded in flood-hit Bihar though the Bagmati river, which breached its embankment and inundated nearly 200 villages in Sitamarhi and Muzaffarpur districts, has started to recede. Officials have intensified rescue...
The flood started on 8/1/2009 and ended on 8/4/2009, with a duration of 4 days. This flood has severity class 2 (i.e. this is an extreme event with an estimated recurrence interval greater than 100 years).
The main cause is Levee failure.
NEW! Calculation of alert score has been revised. The alert score is now based on the reported death and displaced. Red = 1000 or more people killed or 800000 or more people displaced. Orange = 100 or more people killed or 80000 or more displaced.
alert score: 1
magnitude: 5.1
duration: 4
severity: 2
affected region: 21200 km2

Reports indicate that person(s) have been killed and 3000 have been displaced. No reports on damage have been found. The flood affected a region of approximately 21200 km2.
For the following locations damage has been reported: Bihar, Bagmati River, Tilaktajpur under Runnisaidpur block in Sitamarhi
The approximate geographic location of this flood is NaN latitude and NaN longitude. This is the centroid of the affected area, as determined by the place names mentioned in the media.
Rivers in flood:
Satellite observations (experimental)Show
The movie below shows the calibrated microwave brightness temperature (36.5GHz) of the area in flood. In some cases, this allows to see the extent of the flood (shown in red areas). The circles have radii of 100km and 200km.
Maps (around approximate geographic location)
Population density mapCloud mapTopographic mapArchived satellite image (from around 2000)

Flooded, drought-hit Bihar calls out for help

Flooded, drought-hit Bihar calls out for help
Vijay Swaroop , Hindustan Times
Email Author
Patna, August 11, 2009
First Published: 00:33 IST(11/8/2009)
Last Updated: 01:23 IST(11/8/2009
Source: http://www.hindustantimes.com/StoryPage/StoryPage.aspx?sectionName=HomePage&id=cf55fd20-0cde-46d0-8d76-4632c6b972cc&Headline=Flooded+drought-hit+Bihar+calls+out+for+help
The Bihar government on Monday declared 26 of the state’s 38 districts as drought-affected and sought Rs 10,152 crore from the Centre for relief operations for an estimated 8.30 crore (83 million) people.
Bihar had faced a drought of this magnitude 41 years ago in 1967.
Chief Minister Nitish Kumar said, “Nearly 1.26 crore (12.6 million) families in the 26 districts have been affected by the drought. The state government has estimated that an average family comprises of five members and they would need relief.”
Kumar appealed to the Prime Minister to immediately send a team of Central ministers for an assessment of the situation while asking for a special financial package for the state.
In stark contrast to the drought-affected districts, four districts—Sitamarhi, Muzaff-arpur, West Champaran and Darbhanga—are reeling under floods in which nearly 18 lakh (1.83 million)people have been affected.
Though the breach in the Sitamarhi embankment of the Bagmati river has been plugged, nearly 40 blocks of Sitamarhi and Muzaffarpur are still inundated. Muzaffarpur district magistrate Vipin Kumar said, “Many people have returned home, but thousands are still living in makeshift hutments.”
The state government has released Rs 100 crore (1 billion) from the State Contingency Fund to deal with the drought and directed all district magistrates to ensure that nobody dies of starvation.
Disaster Management Department officials said that between June 1 and August 6, Bihar received just 331.7 mm of rainfall against the normal of 568.5 mm, a deficiency of 42 per cent. This resulted in a rise in average temperatures by 5 to 7 degrees above normal. It also resulted in a 58 per cent decline in paddy transplantation against the targeted 87,722,41 acres.
Pulses, another major crop of the state, could be planted in just 1,41,156 acres of land against the target of 3,08,881 acres, while oilseeds could be planted in 14,287 acres against the target of 49,421 acres.
The state government has initiated a number of steps including formation of a Crisis Management Group under the Chief Secretary’s leadership to hold a daily review of contingency measures while district level task forces are reviewing the situation on a weekly basis.

Major 7.6 quake hits off Andaman Islands

Major 7.6 quake hits off AndamanIslands
Tue, Aug 11 03:32 AM
Source: Yahoo India
Enlarge Photo A massive magnitude 7.6 quake struck in the Indian Ocean off India's Andaman Islands, triggering...
Tue, Aug 11 03:32 AM
A major quake of magnitude 7.6 struck in the Indian Ocean off the Andaman Islands early on Tuesday, triggering a tsunami watch for India, Myanmar, Indonesia, Thailand and Bangladesh.
"The room shook for around 20 to 30 seconds, it was quite strong," said Reuters correspondent Sanjit Kumar Roy in Port Blair, capital of the islands.
He said that in the northern part of Andaman Island, people ran out of their houses in panic. Police said there had been no reports so far of any damage.
The U.S. Geological Survey said the quake, initially reported as a magnitude 7.7, struck at 1:55 a.m. (1955 GMT on Monday). It was shallow, at a depth of 20.6 miles (33 km), and was centred 160 miles (260 km) north of Port Blair.
The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Pacific Tsunami Warning Center issued a tsunami watch for the region.
"Earthquakes of this size have the potential to generate a destructive local tsunami and sometimes a destructive regional tsunami along coasts located usually no more than a thousand kilometers (about 600 miles) from the earthquake epicenter," the tsunami center said in its bulletin.
However, an official at the Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services said a tsunami warning had not been issued by his department.
"We have not issued a tsunami alert and are monitoring the water level changes in the region at the moment," Ajay Kumar told Reuters by phone.
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are a chain of small islands hundreds of miles east of India in the Indian Ocean.
A 7.6 magnitude quake is classified by the USGS as a major earthquake and is capable of widespread, heavy damage.
An even bigger quake in the Indian Ocean in 2004 caused a tsunami that killed some 228,000 people.
In Indonesia, a meteorology agency official said his agency was monitoring the Aceh area on the tip of Sumatra. So far there had been no reports of a tsunami in Indonesia but it could take two hours for one to reach the coastline.